Class Notes: Developing Goals and Objectives
"My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe."
The course goals are broad statements of what the students will be able to do when they have completed the course. Goals can be simple and straight forward, "Students will learn to identify every bone in the human body" or goals can be lofty ideas, using words or phrases like "appreciates" or "shows leadership ability."
Example of a broad course goal:
How can we measure if a person appreciates music? It would be very difficult.
That is why we develop objectives. The objectives are measurable and specific
so you can determine if the goal was achieved.
Developing Measurable Objectives
"The goal is where we want to be. The objectives are the steps needed to get there."
Measurable objectives are the specific measures we use to determine whether or not we are successful in achieving the goal. The objectives are instructions about what we want the student to be able to do. Use verbs and include specific conditions (how well or how many) that describe to what degree the students will be able to demonstrate mastery of the task.
Some educators call these learning outcomes; others call them measurable objectives; and yet others call them behavioral objectives because they describe observable behavior rather than knowledge.
Examples of measurable course objectives:
It is easy to measure each of the objectives. Either the student has or has not accomplished the objectives.
Developing Measurable Objectives as Assessment Tools
Measurable objectives are used as assessment tools. Once the objective is defined, this then becomes the foundation for your grading or assessment policy. If your grading policy is very different than your behavioral objectives you should reconsider one or the other.
Objectives should include:
Guidelines for Writing Measurable Objectives RubricThe hardliners in the field of writing behavioral objectives state that the behavioral objectives must be written according to the following template:
By clarifying expectationshow many, to what degree, under what conditions, etc., both the teacher and students are clear about what is expected.
However, in practice, only a few people actually include the criteria
for measuring success in the objectives because often it is implicit in
the skill itself.
Sometimes the goal is the same as the objectives.
Learn the rules, then use your judgement.
The following are two tools to help you write and check goals and objectives.
For more info on how to write goals and objectives
"Writing Educational Goals and Objectives"